|Title of Host Publication||HOMINES, FUNERA, ASTRA|
|Subtitle of Host Publication||Proceedings of the International Symposium on Funerary Anthropology, 5-8 June 2011, ‘1 Decembrie 1918’ University (Alba Iulia, Romania)|
|Editors||Raluca Kogălniceanu, Roxana-Gabriela Curcă, Mihai Gligor, Susan Stratton|
|Place of publication||Oxford|
|Number of pages||12|
|Name||BAR International Series|
Some of the best evidence in Europe for Mesolithic burial practices is found at sites in the Iron Gates section of the Lower Danube Valley. Burials dating to the Mesolithic and Early Neolithic (c. 12,500-5500 cal BC) have been recorded from at least 15 sites, four of which – Lepenski Vir, Padina, Schela Cladovei and Vlasac – each contained large numbers of graves, with evidence for the existence of formal disposal areas or ‘cemeteries’. The burials encompass a range of mortuary practices, including single inhumation in various body positions, multiple inhumation, cremation and excarnation. Our paper re-examines this evidence and considers the question of temporal and spatial patterning in Mesolithic mortuary practices in the Iron Gates, in the light of new research since the 1990s.
Key words: Iron Gates, Mesolithic, burials, 14C dating, stable isotopes