|State||Published - 26 Feb 2015|
Background: This rapid evidence synthesis focuses on recent and ongoing improvement science initiatives both in Scotland and beyond. Examples of reviewed practices include the Scottish Patient Safety Programme (SPSP), The Collaborations for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care (CLAHRCs), The Health Innovation and Education Clusters (HIECs) and The Academic Health Science Networks (AHSNs). Aims/Objectives: This review aims to map the literature arising from these improvement science initiatives, identifying the topic, setting and design of empirical studies relevant to the SISCC. Five online databases were searched, websites were screened and organisations contacted directly. Studies presenting empirical data originating directly from or funded by CLAHRC, HIEC, SPSP or AHSN were included. Outcomes:
168 studies were included and mapped according to research designs, settings, relevance to SISCC work-streams, research themes and outcome domains. Most studies were quantitative (n=112), followed by qualitative (n=25), quality improvement (n=23) and mixed-methods (n=8). Studies were generally conducted within the primary care setting (n=58). 10 studies focused on maternal and child health and 5 studies had a particular interest in older people. Most studies (n=81) explored the importance of context. The themes of safety (n=24) and sustainability (n=12) were referred to less often.
Benefits / Impact/Conclusions: This mapping review enabled learning from existing healthcare improvement initiatives and gathered knowledge in improvement science in the UK in a systematic way. This will inform future work within the SISCC and may also act as a useful resource for the wider improvement science research community.