British Society for the Psychology of Individual Differences

Bates, T. (Speaker)

Activity: Participating in or organising an event typesParticipation in conference


Is praise for intelligence harmful? Testing Mindset theory in 634 10-13 year old children In a highly influential paper, Mueller and Dweck (1998) reported that praise for effort can enhance children’s IQ performance and praise for ability harm it, supporting the central prediction of mindset models of intelligence development. Here we test replication of this finding in three studies (total n = 624) of children aged 10- to 13-years. In study 1, an marginal difference was found praise for ability versus praise for effort on post-challenge IQ. Ability scores, however, evidenced ceiling effects. In a second study, using more appropriate IQ measures and an enhanced control condition. In this study, while pre-test IQ was an excellent predictor of post-test scores, no effect of mindset intervention was found (p = 0.796). A significant difference between mindset groups on the fourth IQ test was found in the second study (p
Period21 Apr 2017
Event typeConference
Conference number8
LocationKent, United Kingdom


  • mindset
  • IQ