Europeanisation and Enlargement

  • Igor Stiks (Invited speaker)

Activity: Participating in or organising an event typesParticipation in conference


Delivered paper entitled, 'Citizenship and Europeanisation in the new Balkan states:: Key Constitutional Questions.' Abstract: The focus of this paper is the citizenship regimes of the seven states now established on the territory of the former Yugoslavia, viewed in their wider European context.The paper identifies six principal mechanisms through which exogenous pressures are brought to bear upon these regimes:•Adoption of and compliance with international norms•EU conditionality•Direct intervention by international organisations•Direct supervision by international organisations•Other forms of international pressure•The effects of overlapping regimes between neighbouring statesTogether these mechanisms contribute to what the paper terms a mosaic-like pattern of intersecting norms which govern the multilevel citizenship regimes which exist in this complex and rapidly changing legal, political and territorial space. Thus even in relation to an issue where ostensibly the EU has no competences as such, that is in relation to the acquisition and loss of national citizenship, distinct effects on citizenship regimes can be seen in a number of the new Balkan states. Alongside various forms of adaptive compliance with ‘international standards’ in relation to norms of citizenship acquisition and loss, we can also see cases of resistance and non-compliant absorption of international pressures. These points are illustrated by reference to the framework rules governing the boundaries of membership, when viewed in the context of one of the most fundamental elements of European integration, namely the organisation and re-organisation of borders and the principles of freedom of movement.The aim of this paper is to provide a preliminary mapping of these effects, with a view to sketching out a comparative framework for further research into national citizenship regimes under the shadow of Europeanisation in its broadest sense, comprising not only the effects of European Union laws and policies, but also other practices and norms of regional integration. In methodological terms, therefore, the broader challenge of the paper and of the research which underpins it is to bring about a better understanding of the relationship between legal scholarship which focuses on patterns of EU and international legal norms and their domestic impacts, and the wider literature of ‘Europeanisation’, mainly located within the disciplines of international relations and comparative politics. At present these two literatures rarely intersect. We hope to start a more extended conversation between them.
Period11 Jun 200912 Jun 2009
Event typeWorkshop
LocationBucharest, RomaniaShow on map