DescriptionT. gondii is an intracellular parasite, which infects humans and animals by ingestion of tissue cyst from raw or undercooked meat or oocysts from soil, vegetables, fruits, water, soil and food contaminated by cat faeces or by transmission through the placenta, milk and blood transfusion. Although toxoplasmosis found through out the world. Seropositivity levels vary widely among different regions of the globe and according to socio-cultural habits, geographic factors; climate and transmission route and typically rise with age. In the present study, the overall prevalence of T. gondii infection in camels, their drivers, herdsmen and butchers at Lahore was recorded as 12% and 14% respectively by using Toxoplasma Latex Agglutination kit (LAT). In camels the seroprevalence of anti toxoplasma antibodies was recorded as 12%. One was found seropositive at 1:16 dilution showing residual or non specific immunity, three were found seropositive at 1:128 showing acquired or evolving immunity, where as two camels were positive at antibody titer of 1:256 giving an evidence of present infection. In drivers, herdsmen and butchers the seroprevalence of anti toxoplasma antibodies was recorded as 14%. One was found seropositive at 1:16 that indicated residual or non-specific immunity, three were found seropositive at 1:128 showed acquired or evolving immunity, where as two camels were positive at antibody titer of 1:256 strongly suggested present infections. The seropositivity of T. gondii in butchers increased with age because of constant exposure to the contaminated environment of slaughterhouses and due to lack of hygienic condition there.
|Event title||International Summer School “Pathogen-Host Interplay|
|Degree of Recognition||International|