Data for "Pathogen transmission from vaccinated hosts can cause dose-dependent reduction in virulence"

  • John R Dunn (Creator)
  • Hans H Cheng (Creator)
  • Andrea Wilson (Creator)
  • Richard Bailey (Creator)
  • Margo Chase-Topping (Creator)
  • Jody Mays (Creator)
  • Osvaldo Anacleto (Creator)



# Abstract #
Many livestock and increasingly human vaccines are leaky, blocking symptoms without preventing infection or onward transmission. Leakiness is concerning as it increases vaccination coverage required to prevent disease spread, and can promote evolution of increased pathogen virulence. Despite leakiness, vaccination may reduce pathogen load, affecting disease transmission dynamics. However, the impacts on post-transmission disease development and infectiousness in contact individuals are unknown. Here, we use transmission experiments involving Marek’s disease virus in chickens to show that vaccination with a leaky vaccine substantially reduces viral load in both vaccinated individuals and unvaccinated contact individuals they infect. Consequently, contact birds are less likely to develop disease symptoms or die, show less severe symptoms when these are present, and shed less infectious virus themselves, when infected by vaccinated birds. These results highlight that even partial vaccination with a leaky vaccine can have unforeseen positive consequences in controlling the spread and symptoms of disease.

Data Citation

Dunn, John R; Cheng, Hans H; Doeschl-Wilson, Andrea; Bailey, Richard I; Chase-Topping, Margo; Mays, Jody; Anacleto, Osvaldo. (2019). Data for "Transmission from vaccinated hosts can cause dose-dependent reduction in pathogen virulence", [dataset]. University of Edinburgh.
Date made available23 Jan 2020
PublisherEdinburgh DataShare
Temporal coverage2017 - 2018
Geographical coverageMichigan,US,UNITED STATES

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