Data from paper: Synaptic resilience is associated with maintained cognition during ageing



It remains unclear why age increases risk of Alzheimer’s disease and why some people experience age-related cognitive decline in the absence of dementia. Here we test the hypothesis that resilience to molecular changes in synapses contribute to healthy cognitive ageing. We examined post-mortem brain from people in mid-life (n=15), healthy ageing with either maintained cognition (n=9) or lifetime cognitive decline (n=8), and Alzheimer’s disease (n=13). Synapses were examined with high resolution imaging,
proteomics, and RNA sequencing. Stem cell-derived neurons were challenged with Alzheimer’s brain homogenate. Synaptic pathology increased, and expression of genes involved in synaptic signalling decreased between mid-life, healthy ageing and Alzheimer’s. In contrast, brain tissue and neurons from people with maintained cognition during ageing exhibited decreases in synaptic signalling genes compared to people with cognitive decline. Efficient synaptic networks without pathological protein accumulation may contribute to maintained cognition during ageing. This dataset includes all analysed spreadsheets and statistical analysis macros from the study for further use. For raw images associated with the study, contact the authors for download links.
Date made available27 Oct 2022
PublisherEdinburgh DataShare

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