M cells and the FAE



Transcriptomic data base on gene expression by mouse M cells

Identification of Novel Genes Selectively Expressed in the Follicle-Associated Epithelium from the Meta-Analysis of Transcriptomics Data from Multiple Mouse Cell and Tissue Populations


The follicle-associated epithelium (FAE) overlying the Peyer’s patches and the microfold (M) cells within it are important sites of antigen transcytosis across the intestinal epithelium. We obtained a large number of gene expression data files from a range of different primary mouse cells and cell lines and subjected these data to network-based cluster analysis using Biolayout Express3D.

Using this meta-analysis approach we identified a transcriptional signature that distinguished the FAE from a large collection of mouse cells and tissues. A co-expressed cluster of 21 FAE-specific genes was identified, and analysis of the transcription factor binding site motifs in their promoter regions indicated that these genes shared an underlying transcriptional programme. This cluster contained known FAE- (Anxa10, Ccl20, Psg18 and Ubd) and M-cell- (Gp2) specific genes, suggesting that the others were novel FAE-specific genes. Some of these novel candidate genes were expressed highly by the FAE and M cells (Calcb, Ces3b, Clca2 and Gjb2), and others only by the FAE (Ascl2, Cftr, Fgf15, Gpr133, Kcna1, Kcnj15, Mycl1, Pgap1 and Rps6kl). We also identified a subset of novel FAE-related genes that were induced in the intestinal epithelium after receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (RANKL)-stimulation. These included Mfge8 which was specific to FAE enterocytes.

This study provides new insight into the FAE transcriptome. Further characterisation of the candidate genes identified here will aid the identification of novel regulators of cell function in the FAE.
Date made available2012
PublisherOxford University Press

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