Excavations at the Roman settlement of Huerta Varona

Project Details


Dr. Manuel Fernández-Götz’s excavations at the Roman settlement of Huerta Varona shed new light on the Romanisation of Northern Spain.

The Roman settlement of Huerta Varona is located in the Province of Palencia in Northern Spain, only some kilometres away from the Oppidum of Monte Bernorio in the transition area between the Spanish plateau (Meseta) and the Cantabrian Mountains. Huerta Varona was occupied between the end of the 1st century BC and the 3rd century AD, thus testifying the continuation of settlement activity in the region of Aguilar de Campoo after the destruction of Monte Bernorio during the Cantabrian Wars led by Emperor Augustus between 29-19 BC.

The excavations and surveys carried out at Huerta Varona since 2014 have allowed the discovery of different house structures as well as numerous objects such as terra sigillata pottery, coins, glass beads, and metal objects. Some items related with the Roman army (caligae nails, fibula of the Alesia type) may suggest that Huerta Varona started as a military post during or immediately after the Cantabrian Wars. Its later development as a Roman farm sheds light on the Romanisation process in this area of the Northern Iberian Peninsula.
Effective start/end date1/11/1531/12/17


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