This research is concerned with what we can learn from reviewing cases where children have died or suffered serious abuse or neglect. High profile child deaths and significant abuse cases have been a significant driver for reform of child protection policy in the UK. While there is a wealth of information on child deaths and significant abuse cases in England and Wales, prior to this research there was far less published information available in Scotland. This study involved reviewing key findings from high profile child death and abuses cases which resulted in inquiries or reviews in Scotland between 1975 to 2008. The reserarch involved distilling themes and the impact of these cases on child protection policy as well as identifying key learning from the cases.