[1,2,5]Thiadiazolo[3,4-d]Pyridazine as an Internal Acceptor in the D-A-π-A Organic Sensitizers for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells

Timofey N. Chmovzh, Ekaterina A. Knyazeva, Ellie Tanaka, Vadim V. Popov, Ludmila Mikhalchenko, Neil Robertson, Oleg A. Rakitin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Four new D-A-π-A metal-free organic sensitizers for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs), with [1,2,5]thiadiazolo[3 ,4-d]pyridazine as internal acceptor, thiophene unit as π-spacer and cyanoacrylate as anchoring electron acceptor, have been synthesized. The donor moiety was introduced into [1,2,5]thiadiazolo[3,4-d]pyridazine by nucleophilic aromatic substitution and Suzuki cross-coupling reactions, allowing design of D-A-π-A sensitizers with the donor attached to the internal heterocyclic acceptor not only by the carbon atom, as it is in a majority of DSSCs, but by the nitrogen atom also. Although low values of power conversion efficiency (PCE) were found, a few important consequences were identified: (i) poor PCE data can be attributed to high electron deficiency of the internal [1,2,5]thiadiazolo[3,4-d]pyridazine acceptor due to lower light harvesting by the dye; (ii) the manner in which the donor was attached to the internal acceptor (by carbon or nitrogen) did not play an essential role in the photovoltaic properties of the dyes; (iii) dyes based on the novel donor 2,3,4,4a,9,9a-hexahydro-1H-1,4-methanocarbazolyl and 9-(p-tolyl)-2,3,4,4a,9,9a-hexahydro-1H- carbazole moieties showed similar photovoltaic properties to dyes based on the well-known 4-(ptolyl)-1,2,3,3a,4,8b-hexahydrocyclopenta[b]indolyl building block, which opens the door for further optimization potential of new dye families.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1588
Issue number8
Early online date22 Apr 2019
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 22 Apr 2019

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