3D printing of continuous carbon fibre reinforced powder-based epoxy composites

Haoqi Zhang, Ka Zhang, Aonan Li, Lei Wan, Colin Robert, Conchúr M. Ó Brádaigh, Dongmin Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

This paper presents an experimental study on 3D printing of continuous carbon fibre reinforced thermoset epoxy composites. Powder-based solid epoxy was electrostatically flocked on the 1K continuous carbon fibre tow and then melted to fabricate composite filaments. The produced filament was printed using a modified extrusion-based printer which melted and deposited the filament following designed printing paths, to form multilayer preforms with complex geometries. After vacuum bagging and oven curing, high tensile strength (1372.4 MPa) and modulus (98.2 GPa) were obtained in the fibre direction due to the good wettability of epoxy and the consequent high fibre volume fraction (56%). The tensile tests of open-hole composites were also conducted, in which the sample with designed stress-lines fibre paths was seen to improve the ultimate strength by 95% compared with the mechanically-drilled sample. Other case studies, such as a spanner and a lattice structure, further demonstrated the design freedom of produced filaments for complex geometries.
Original languageEnglish
Article number101239
JournalComposites Communications
Early online date30 Jun 2022
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2022


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