4D signal enhancement using singular-value decomposition: application to mapping oil-water contact movement across the Nelson Field

Fiona Reid, A Bertrand, A T McInally, C MacBeth

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A new method for time-lapse signal separation and enhancement using singular-value decomposition is presented. Singular-value decomposition is used to separate a 4D signal into its constituent parts: common geology, time-lapse response and noise. Synthetic tests which demonstrate the advantages of the singular-value decomposition technique over traditional differencing methods are also presented. This signal separation and enhancement technique is used to map out both the original and moved oil-water contacts across the Nelson Field. The singular-value decomposition technique allows the oil-water contact to be mapped across regions which would have been missed using traditional differencing methods. In particular, areas toward the edges of the field are highlighted by the technique. The oil-water contact is observed to move upwards across the field, with the largest movements being associated, as anticipated, with natural production. The results obtained are broadly consistent with those predicted by the reservoir simulator model. Singular-value decomposition is demonstrated to be a useful tool for enhancing the time-lapse signal and for gaining confidence in areas where traditional differencing fails.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)253-263
Number of pages11
JournalGeophysical Prospecting
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2005

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