5-Hydroxyvitamin D concentration in paediatric cancer patients from Scotland: a prospective cohort study

Raquel Revuelta Iniesta, Ilenia Paciarotti, Isobel Davidson, Jane M McKenzie, Celia Brand, Richard F M Chin, Mark F H Brougham, David Wilson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Children with cancer are potentially at a high risk of plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) inadequacy, and despite UK vitamin D supplementation guidelines their implementation remains inconsistent. Thus, we aimed to investigate 25(OH)D concentration and factors contributing to 25(OH)D inadequacy in paediatric cancer patients. A prospective cohort study of Scottish children aged 75 nmol/l). In all, eighty-two patients (median age 3·9, interquartile ranges (IQR) 1·9-8·8; 56 % males) and thirty-five controls (median age 6·2, IQR 4·8-9·1; 49 % males) were recruited. 25(OH)D inadequacy was highly prevalent in the controls (63 %; 22/35) and in the patients (64 %; 42/65) at both baseline and during treatment (33-50 %). Non-supplemented children had the highest prevalence of 25(OH)D inadequacy at every stage with 25(OH)D median ranging from 32·0 (IQR 21·0-46·5) to 45·0 (28·0-64·5) nmol/l. Older age at baseline (R -0·46; P<0·001), overnutrition (BMI≥85th centile) at 3 months (P=0·005; relative risk=3·1) and not being supplemented at 6 months (P=0·04; relative risk=4·3) may have contributed to lower plasma 25(OH)D. Paediatric cancer patients are not at a higher risk of 25(OH)D inadequacy than healthy children at diagnosis; however, prevalence of 25(OH)D inadequacy is still high and non-supplemented children have a higher risk. Appropriate monitoring and therapeutic supplementation should be implemented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalBritish Journal of Nutrition
Volume116
Issue number11
Early online date15 Dec 2016
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 15 Dec 2016

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