In this paper, a new non-stationary regular-shaped geometry-based stochastic model (RS-GBSM) is proposed for vehicular visible light communications (VVLC) channels. The proposed model utilizes a combined two-ring model and a confocal ellipse model, in which the received optical power is constructed as a sum of single-bounced (SB) and double-bounced (DB) components, in addition to the line-of-sight (LoS) component. Using the proposed RS-GBSM, the channel impulse response is generated and utilized to investigate VVLC channel characteristics, such as channel gain and root-mean-square (RMS) delay spread. The received optical power is computed considering the distance between the optical transmitter (Tx) and the optical receiver (Rx). Moreover, the impact of the Rx height on the received power is considered for the LoS scenario. The results show that the LoS power highly depends on the distance, Rx height, and the optical source pattern. For the SB components, it is confirmed that the channel gain in dB and the RMS delay spread follow Gaussian distributions. Finally, the results indicate that the detected optical power from the DB components is low enough to be overlooked.
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications|
|Publication status||Accepted/In press - 10 Oct 2018|