A Bayesian Model of Diachronic Meaning Change

Lea Frermann, Maria Lapata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Word meanings change over time and an automated procedure for extracting this information from text would be useful for historical exploratory studies, information retrieval or question answering. We present a dynamic Bayesian model of diachronic meaning change, which infers temporal word representations as a set of senses and their prevalence. Unlike previous work, we explicitly model language change as a smooth, gradual process. We experimentally show that this modeling decision is beneficial: our model performs competitively on meaning change detection tasks whilst inducing discernible word senses and their development over time. Application of our model to the SemEval-2015 temporal classification benchmark datasets further reveals that it performs on par with highly optimized task-specific systems.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-45
Number of pages16
JournalTransactions of the Association for Computational Linguistics
Volume4
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2016

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