‘A bridge to normal’: A qualitative study of Indonesian women’s attendance in a phase two cardiac rehabilitation programme

Sutantri Sutantri, Fiona Cuthill, Aisha Holloway

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output


Cardiac rehabilitation is effective in reducing mortality and morbidity, in improving life expectancy and quality of life for people with cardiovascular disease. Despite these recognised benefits, women’s attendance rates in cardiac rehabilitation programmes remain suboptimal.

This paper details the study that explored factors that influence women’s attendance of a phase two cardiac rehabilitation programme in Indonesia

An exploratory qualitative research design was used in the study. Semi-structured interviews were used as the main method of data collection. Data were collected from June to September 2016. Twenty-three women aged between 30 and 66 years were interviewed. Transcribed interview data were analysed using a qualitative framework analysis.

Three major themes were inferred from the analysis: (a) a bridge to normal; (b) connecting with others; and (c) contextual factors. The first theme is illustrated by two subthemes: ‘making my heart work again’ and ‘performing social roles’. The second theme was illustrated by the following subthemes: ‘exchanging knowledge and experience’ and ‘developing a give-and-take relationship’. The third theme was illustrated by three subthemes: ‘recommendations from the staff’, ‘family support’ and ‘availability of health insurance’.

Women’s attendance in cardiac rehabilitation in Indonesia is mainly influenced by their expectations and desire to be able to resume their previous social roles in the family and society. The findings of this study can assist healthcare professionals to understand better the needs of women and the fit between women’s needs and existing cardiac rehabilitation programmes. Such understanding could provide direction for more effective approaches to the cardiac rehabilitation programmes that are currently offered in Indonesia.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)744-752
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean journal of cardiovascular nursing
Issue number8
Early online date21 Jul 2019
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 21 Jul 2019

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • women
  • cardiac rehabilitation
  • cardiovascular disease
  • rehabilitation
  • gender roles
  • qualitative


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