A case control study to examine the pharmacological factors underlying ventricular septal defects in the North of England

D N Bateman, P R McElhatton, D Dickinson, C Wren, J N S Matthews, M O'Keeffe, S H L Thomas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Amphetamine exposure is associated with congenital cardiac abnormalities in animals. We previously reported an association between recreational use of 2,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (ecstasy, MDMA) and ventricular septal defect in babies born to users. We have carried out a case control study to investigate risks in the occurrence of ventricular septal defect in a cohort of babies born in the North East of England.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)635-41
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean journal of clinical pharmacology
Volume60
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004

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