A clinical scoring system in undifferentiated chest pain predicting undetectable troponin concentration

Colin Gordon Stirrat, Allan David Cameron, Nicholas Linton Mills, Francis Gerard Dunn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Chest pain is the most common reason for emergency admission to hospital, but the majority of these are due to non-cardiac pain. We sought to determine which combination of clinical features is more likely to predict an undetectable troponin level in patients presenting with chest pain.

METHODS: We collected data over a two-month period on consecutive patients presenting acutely to hospital with chest pain and who had a troponin I measured. We recorded basic demographics, risk factors, pain distribution, associated symptoms, physical findings and ECG changes. The parameters significantly associated with troponin positivity were entered into a stepwise logistic regression analysis and the resulting model's coefficients were used to construct a simple clinical score to categorise patients into low, medium or high probability of having a positive troponin.

RESULTS: 26 of 157 (16.6%) patients had a positive troponin. The variables retained in the regression model were: age >65, heart rate >80, previous myocardial infarction, diabetes and pain radiating to either arm. The model showed good discrimination (area under ROC curve 0.869, 95% CI 0.806 - 0.917). Using the regression model's coefficients, patients were grouped into low, intermediate or high probability groups. Being in the low probability group had a negative predictive value of 97.8% and being in the high probability group had a positive predictive value of 65.2%. The majority (73.9%) of patients could be categorised as either low or high probability.

DISCUSSION: This simple scoring system, if prospectively validated, may be useful in identifying low risk patients with chest pain who are unlikely to have elevation of serum troponin concentration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)98-101
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of cardiovascular disease research
Volume4
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2013

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