OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a combined therapy with isosorbide mononitrate (40mg) and misoprostol (400 microg) for pre-operative cervical ripening in the first trimester would result in improved clinical effectiveness, and fewer side effects compared with each agent used alone.
DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial.
SETTING: Glasgow Royal Infirmary.
POPULATION: Sixty-six primigravid women scheduled for suction termination of pregnancy.
METHODS: Women were randomly assigned to receive before surgery, per vaginam, isosorbide mononitrate 40 mg (n = 22), misoprostol 400 microg (n = 22) or both agents together [isosorbide mononitrate 40 mg and misoprostol 400 microg] (n = 22).
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: 1. To assess the cumulative force required to dilate the cervix to 8 mm; 2. the onset of new symptoms before termination of pregnancy.
RESULTS: The cervical resistance following combination therapy with isosorbide mononitrate and misoprostol was not significantly different than following misoprostol alone [24.5N vs 18.5N; median difference (95% CI) 19N (-22 to 49)]. Pre-treatment with misoprostol used alone resulted in a lower cervical resistance than isosorbide mononitrate alone (18.5N vs 39N, P = 0.04, Mann-Whitney U test). There was no difference in the number of women remaining asymptomatic following either isosorbide mononitrate or misoprostol or combination therapy [14/22 (64%) vs 11/21 (52%) vs 11/22 (50%), Fisher's exact test].
CONCLUSIONS: We have not shown any advantage of combining misoprostol with the nitric oxide donor isosorbide mononitrate compared with misoprostol alone for pre-operative cervical ripening in the first trimester.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 2001|
- Abortifacient Agents, Nonsteroidal
- Abortion, Induced
- Cervical Ripening
- Drug Therapy, Combination
- Isosorbide Dinitrate
- Nitric Oxide Donors
- Treatment Outcome
- Vasodilator Agents