A Cooperation Scheme for User Fairness and Performance Enhancement in NOMA-HCNm

Pragya Swami, Vimal Bhatia, Satyanarayana Vuppala, Tharmalingam Ratnarajah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Rapid increase in number of cellular users and high demand for data has lead to the formation of multi-tier networks. Non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) has proved to be an efficient method to cater to the paradigm shift from 4G to 5G. This paper employs NOMA in a heterogeneous cellular network (HCN) consisting of a macro base station (MBS) tier underlaid with femto base station (FBS) tier and device to device (D2D) tier, where NOMA is employed in FBS and D2D tier only. The congestion at the MBS tier is relieved by offloading macro users (MU) to FBS tier. These offloaded MU are further supported by the D2D tier when the FBS tier fails to find a corresponding pairing user for the incoming offloaded MU. Since, absence of pairing user means outage for offloaded MU, D2D cooperation is employed which decreases the rate outage probability by 86.87% for the MU offloaded as cell edge user (CEU) in comparison to no cooperation. Also, a 3 times increase in ergodic rate and 4 times increase in sum ergodic rate for MU offloaded as CEU is achieved using cooperation from D2D tier. Verification of the results is done using Monte Carlo simulations.
Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology
Early online date23 Oct 2018
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 23 Oct 2018


  • NOMA
  • Device-to-device communication
  • interference
  • 5G mobile communication
  • Cellular networks
  • base stations
  • Power system reliability
  • non-orthogonal multiple access
  • stochastic geometry
  • Offloading
  • D2D groups
  • Cooperation


Dive into the research topics of 'A Cooperation Scheme for User Fairness and Performance Enhancement in NOMA-HCNm'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this