A Cross-Sectional, Population-Based, Seroepidemiological Study of Rift Valley Fever in Cameroonian Cattle Populations

Mark Bronsvoort, Rob Kelly, Emily Freeman, Rebecca Callaby, Jean-marc Bagninbom, Lucy Ndip, Ian Handel, Vincent Ngwang Tanya , Kenton Morgan, Victor Ngu Ngwa, Gianluigi Rossi, Charles Nfon, Stella Mazeri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Rift Valley fever (RVF) is an important emerging zoonoses causing abortion and neonatal deaths in livestock and hemorrhagic fever in humans. It is typically characterized by acute epidemics with abortion storms often preceding human disease and these events have been associated with the El Niño weather cycles. Outside of areas that experience epidemics, little is known about its epidemiology. Here, we present results from a serological study using biobank samples from a study of cattle conducted in 2013 at two sites in Cameroon. A total of 1,458 cattle from 100 herds were bled and sera screened using a commercially available RVF ELISA. The overall design-adjusted animal-level
apparent seroprevalence of RVF exposure for the Northwest Region (NWR) of Cameroon was 6.5% (95% CI: 3.9–11.0) and for the Vina Division (VIN) of the Adamawa Region was 8.2% (95% CI: 6.2–11.0). The age-stratified serological results were also used to estimate the force of infection, and the age-independent estimates were 0.029 for the VIN and 0.024 for the NWR. The effective reproductive number was ∼1.08. Increasing age and contact with wild antelope species were associated with an increased risk of seropositivity, while high altitudes and contact with buffalo were associated with a reduced risk of seropositivity. The serological patterns are more consistent with an
endemical stability rather than the more typical epidemic patterns seen in East Africa. However, there is little surveillance in livestock for abortion storms or in humans with fevers in Cameroon, and it is, therefore, difficult to interpret these observations. There is an urgent need for an integrated One Health approach to understand the levels of human- and livestock-related clinical and asymptomatic disease and whether there is a need to implement interventions such as vaccination.
Original languageEnglish
Article number897481
JournalFrontiers in Veterinary Science
Early online date14 May 2022
Publication statusPublished - 14 Jun 2022

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • Rift Valley fever (RVF)
  • epidemiology
  • Cameroon
  • bovine
  • risk factor (RF)


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