A farewell to foricae: Changing attitudes to public latrines in the late antique Near East and Asia Minor

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Abstract / Description of output

This article examines the development of public multi-seat latrines ( foricae) in the late cities of the Near East and Asia Minor. It summarizes the design and use of collective public latrines in the Roman world and analyzes their distribution in Italian cities that have been the subject of extensive excavations. Based on four archaeological case studies from the Eastern Mediterranean, the article examines how cities in different regions have adapted latrines to their built environment. This part is followed by an overview of changes in the practice of using latrines following the Arab conquest. The article ends with a discussion of the regional diversity of latrine use in Late Antiquity and the impact of religious sensitivities on their integration.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)177-192
Number of pages16
JournalAntiquité tardive
Volume28
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jan 2021

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