This paper describes a numerical solver of well-balanced, 2D depth-averaged shallow water-sediment equations. The equations permit variable variable horizontal fluid density and are designed to model water-sediment flow over a mobile bed. A Godunov-type, HLLC finite volume scheme is used to solve the fully coupled system of hyperbolic conservation laws which describe flow hydrodynamics, suspended sediment transport, bedload transport and bed morphological change. Dependent variables are specially selected to handle the presence of the variable density property in the mathematical formulation. The model is verified against analytical and semi-analytical solutions for bedload transport and suspended sediment transport, respectively. The well-balanced property of the equations is verified for a variable-density dam break flow over discontinuous bathymetry. Simulations of an idealised dam-break flow over an erodible bed are in excellent agreement with previously published results (), validating the ability of the model to capture the complex interaction between rapidly varying flow and an erodible bed and validating the eigenstructure of the system of variable-density governing equations. Flow hydrodynamics and final bed topography of a laboratory-based 2D partial dam breach over a mobile bed are satisfactorily reproduced by the numerical model. Comparison of the final bed topographies, computed for two distinct sediment transport methods, highlights the sensitivity of shallow water-sediment models to the choice of closure relationships.
|Journal||International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids|
|Early online date||24 Dec 2016|
|Publication status||Published - 30 Jul 2017|
- shallow water-sediment equations
- Riemann solver
- Finite volume
- SUSPENDED SEDIMENT