A genetic two-factor model of the covariation among a subset of Multidimensional Aptitude Battery and Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale - Revised subtests

M Luciano, M J Wright, G M Geffen, L B Geffen, G. A. Smith, D M Evans, N G Martin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The phenotypic and genetic factor structure of performance on five Multidimensional Aptitude Battery (MAB) subtests and one Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised (WAIS-R) subtest was explored in 390 adolescent twin pairs (184 monozygotic [MZ]; 206 dizygotic (DZ)). The temporal stability of these measures was derived from a subsample of 49 twin pairs, with test-retest correlations ranging from .67 to .85. A phenotypic factor model, in which performance and verbal factors were correlated, provided a good fit to the data. Genetic modeling was based on the phenotypic factor structure, but also took into account the additive genetic (A), common environmental (C), and unique environmental (E) parameters derived from a fully saturated ACE model. The best fitting model was characterized by a genetic correlated two-factor structure with specific effects, a general common environmental factor, and overlapping unique environmental effects. Results are compared to multivariate genetic models reported in children and adults, with the most notable difference being the growing importance of common genes influencing diverse abilities in adolescence. (C) 2003 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)589-605
Number of pages17
JournalIntelligence
Volume31
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003

Keywords

  • MAB
  • WAIS-R
  • multivariate genetic analysis
  • twin study
  • cognitive ability
  • COLORADO-ADOPTION-PROJECT
  • COGNITIVE-ABILITIES
  • STANDARDIZATION SAMPLE
  • DEVELOPMENTAL-CHANGE
  • WORKING-MEMORY
  • TWINS
  • IQ
  • CHILDREN
  • HERITABILITY

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