A glossary for research on human crowd dynamics

Juliane Adrian, Nikolai Bode, Martyn Amos, Mitra Baratchi, Mira Beermann, Maik Boltes, Alessandro Corbetta, Guillaume Dezecache, John Drury, Zhikian Fu, Roland Geraerts, Steve Gwynne, Gesine Hofinger, Aoife Hunt, Tinus Kanters, Angelika Kneidl, Krisztina Konya, Gerta Koster, Mira Kupper, Georgios MichalareasFergus Neville, Evangelos Ntontis, Stephen Reicher, Enrico Ronchi, Andreas Schadschneider, Armin Seyfried, Alastair Shipman, Anna Sieben, Michael Spearpoint, Gavin Sullivan, Anne Templeton, Federico Toschi, Zeynep Yucel, Francesco Zanlungo, Iker Zuriguel, Natalie van der Wal, Frank van Schadewijk, Cornelia von Kruchten, Nanda Wijermans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This article presents a glossary of terms that are frequently used in research on human crowds. This topic is inherently multidisciplinary as it includes work in and across computer science, engineering, mathematics, physics, psychology and social science, for example. We do not view the glossary presented here as a collection of finalised and formal definitions. Instead, we suggest it is a snapshot of current views and the starting point of an ongoing process that we hope will be useful in providing some guidance on the use of terminology to develop a mutual understanding across disciplines. The glossary was developed collaboratively during a multidisciplinary meeting. We deliberately allow several definitions of terms, to reflect the confluence of disciplines in the field. This also reflects the fact not all contributors necessarily agree with all definitions in this glossary.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberA19
Pages (from-to)1-13
JournalCollective Dynamics
Early online date1 Mar 2019
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2019


  • agency (collective)
  • agent
  • behaviour (collective)
  • Bottleneck
  • capacity

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