A hierarchical meta-analytical approach to western European dietary transitions in the first millennium AD

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Abstract

During the first millennium AD, Europe saw much socio-environmental change which is reflected in the archaeological and palaeoecological evidence. Using published and new isotope data from across western Europe, the author examines changing resource use from c. AD 350 to 1200. The geographical limits of millet and substantial marine consumption are identified and comparisons between childhood and adult diets made across regions. Cross-cultural interaction at a broad scale is emphasized and patterns within early medieval England form the subject of an in-depth case study. While doubt is cast onto the uptake of marine resource consumption in England following the Fish Event Horizon, changes in agricultural practices, the impact of Christianisation, and the role of freshwater fish in diets are explored. The author’s hierarchical meta-analytical approach enables identification of human-environment interactions, with significant implications for changing foodways in Europe during the first millennium AD.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages21
JournalEuropean Journal of Archaeology
Early online date21 Jul 2022
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 21 Jul 2022

Keywords

  • early medieval
  • isotopes
  • diet
  • foodways
  • identity
  • machine learning
  • archaeology
  • isotope analysis
  • Europe

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