A human cytomegalovirus-encoded microRNA regulates expression of multiple viral genes involved in replication

Finn Grey, Heather Meyers, Elizabeth A. White, Deborah H. Spector, Jay Nelson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Although multiple studies have documented the expression of over 70 novel virus-encoded microRNAs ( miRNAs), the targets and functions of most of these regulatory RNA species are unknown. In this study a comparative bioinformatics approach was employed to identify potential human cytomegalovirus ( HCMV) mRNA targets of the virus-encoded miRNA miR-UL112-1. Bioinformatics analysis of the known HCMV mRNA 39 untranslated regions ( UTRs) revealed 14 potential viral transcripts that were predicted to contain functional target sites for miR-UL112-1. The potential target sites were screened using luciferase reporters that contain the HCMV 3'UTRs in co-transfection assays with miR-UL112-1. Three of the 14 HCMV miRNA targets were validated, including the major immediate early gene encoding IE72 (UL123, IE1), UL112/113, and UL120/121. Further analysis of IE72 regulation by miR-UL112-1 with clones encoding the complete major immediate early region revealed that the IE72 3'UTR target site is necessary and sufficient to direct miR-UL112-1-specific inhibition of expression in transfected cells. In addition, miR-UL112-1 regulation is mediated through translational inhibition rather than RNA degradation. Premature expression of miR-UL112-1 during HCMV infection resulted in a significant decrease in genomic viralDNAlevels, suggesting a functional role for miR-UL112-1 in regulating the expression of genes involved in viral replication. This study demonstrates the ability of a viral miRNA to regulate multiple viral genes.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere163
Pages (from-to)1593-1602
Number of pages10
JournalPLoS Pathogens
Volume3
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2007

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