A Kinematic Study of the Andromeda Dwarf Spheroidal System

Michelle L. M. Collins, Scott C. Chapman, R. Michael Rich, Rodrigo A. Ibata, Nicolas F. Martin, Michael J. Irwin, Nicholas F. Bate, Geraint F. Lewis, Jorge Peñarrubia, Nobuo Arimoto, Caitlin M. Casey, Annette M. N. Ferguson, Andreas Koch, Alan W. McConnachie, Nial Tanvir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

We present a homogeneous kinematic analysis of red giant branch stars within 18 of the 28 Andromeda dwarf spheroidal (dSph) galaxies, obtained using the Keck I/LRIS and Keck II/DEIMOS spectrographs. Based on their g - i colors (taken with the CFHT/MegaCam imager), physical positions on the sky, and radial velocities, we assign probabilities of dSph membership to each observed star. Using this information, the velocity dispersions, central masses, and central densities of the dark matter halos are calculated for these objects, and compared with the properties of the Milky Way dSph population. We also measure the average metallicity ([Fe/H]) from the co-added spectra of member stars for each M31 dSph and find that they are consistent with the trend of decreasing [Fe/H] with luminosity observed in the Milky Way population. We find that three of our studied M31 dSphs appear as significant outliers in terms of their central velocity dispersion, And XIX, XXI, and XXV, all of which have large half-light radii (gsim 700 pc) and low velocity dispersions (σ v <5 km s-1). In addition, And XXV has a mass-to-light ratio within its half-light radius of just [M/L]_half=10.3^{+7.0}_{-6.7}, making it consistent with a simple stellar system with no appreciable dark matter component within its 1σ uncertainties. We suggest that the structure of the dark matter halos of these outliers have been significantly altered by tides.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)172
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2013

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • dark matter
  • galaxies: dwarf
  • galaxies: fundamental parameters
  • galaxies: kinematics and dynamics
  • Local Group


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