A locus for isolated cleft palate, located on human chromosome 2q32

C M Brewer, J P Leek, A J Green, S Holloway, D T Bonthron, A F Markham, D R FitzPatrick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

We present evidence for the existence of a novel chromosome 2q32 locus involved in the pathogenesis of isolated cleft palate. We have studied two unrelated patients with strikingly similar clinical features, in whom there are apparently balanced, de novo cytogenetic rearrangements involving the same region of chromosome 2q. Both children have cleft palate, facial dysmorphism, and mild learning disability. Their karyotypes were originally reported as 46, XX, t(2;7)(q33;p21) and 46, XX, t(2;11)(q33;p14). However, our molecular cytogenetic analyses localize both translocation breakpoints to a small region between markers D2S311 and D2S116. This suggests that the true location of these breakpoints is 2q32 rather than 2q33. To obtain independent support for the existence of a cleft-palate locus in 2q32, we performed a detailed statistical analysis for all cases in the human cytogenetics database of nonmosaic, single, contiguous autosomal deletions associated with orofacial clefting. This revealed 2q32 to be one of only three chromosomal regions in which haploinsufficiency is significantly associated with isolated cleft palate. In combination, our data provide strong evidence for the location at 2q32 of a gene that is critical to the development of the secondary palate. The close proximity of these two translocation breakpoints should also allow rapid progress toward the positional cloning of this cleft-palate gene.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)387-96
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Human Genetics
Volume65
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1999

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • Cells, Cultured
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Chromosome Breakage
  • Chromosome Deletion
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 2
  • Cleft Palate
  • Databases, Factual
  • Female
  • Genes
  • Humans
  • In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Phenotype
  • Physical Chromosome Mapping
  • Statistics as Topic
  • Translocation, Genetic

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