Proteins are thought to undertake single substitutions, deletions and insertions to explore the fitness landscape. Nevertheless, the ways in which these different kind of mutations act together to alter a protein phenotype remain poorly described. We introduced incrementally the single substitution W290A and a 26 amino acid long insertion at the 297 location in the Nippostrongylus brasiliensis acetylcholinesterase B sequence and analysed in vitro the induced changes in the hydrolysis rate of three hemi-substrates: pirimicarb, paraoxon methyl and omethoate. The substitution decreased the hydrolysis rate of the three hemi-substrates. The insertion did not influence this kinetic alteration induced by the substitution for the former hemi-substrate, but reverted it for the two others. These results show that two different kinds of mutations can interact together to influence the direction of a protein's adaptative walk on the fitness landscape.
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||Protein engineering, design & selection : PEDS|
|Publication status||Published - 2003|
- Amino Acid Substitution