A longitudinal study of well-being in older workers and retirees: The role of engaging in different types of activities

Kristina Potocnik, S Sonnentag

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study examines the impact of engaging in seven types of activities on depression and quality of life in retirees and older workers over a period of 2 years, using a sample from the survey of health, ageing and retirement in Europe. Longitudinal data were available from 2,813 retirees and 1,372 older employees. Our results showed that volunteering, providing help and going to sports or social clubs at the baseline improved retirees' quality of life over a period of 2 years. No direct effects of engaging in activities were found for older employees. Moreover, higher depression at the baseline fostered the depression experience at the follow-up in those retirees and older employees who were caring for disabled adults at baseline. In retirees with higher depression at baseline, participation in religious organizations was associated with a greater decrease in depression at follow-up than in those who had lower levels of depression at baseline. For older employees, taking part in political or community organizations at baseline was related to a greater decrease in depression at follow-up than in those employees who experienced higher initial depression.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)497-521
Number of pages25
JournalJournal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology
Volume86
Issue number4
Early online date8 Jan 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2013

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