A Measurement of the Wind Speed on a Brown Dwarf

Katelyn N. Allers, Johanna M Vos, Beth A. Biller, Peter K G Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Zonal (latitudinal) winds dominate the bulk flow of planetary atmospheres. For gas giant planets such as Jupiter, the motion of clouds can be compared with radio emissions from the magnetosphere, which is connected to the planet’s interior, to determine the wind speed. In principle, this technique can be applied to brown dwarfs and/or directly imaged exoplanets if periods can be determined for both the infrared and radio emissions. We apply this method to measure the wind speeds on the brown dwarf 2MASS J10475385+2124234. The difference between the radio period of 1.751 to 1.765 hours and infrared period of 1.741 ± 0.007 hours implies a strong wind (+650 ± 310 meters per second) proceeding eastward. This could be due to atmospheric jet streams and/or low frictional drag at the bottom of the atmosphere.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)169-172
Number of pages3
JournalScience
Volume368
Issue number6487
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Apr 2020

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