A nonparametric bootstrap method for testing close linkage vs. pleiotropy of coincident quantitative trait loci

C M Lebreton, P M Visscher, C S Haley, A Semikhodskii, S A Quarrie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A novel method using the nonparametric bootstrap is proposed for testing whether a quantitative trait locus (QTL) at one chromosomal position could explain effects on two separate traits. If the single-QTL hypothesis is accepted, pleiotropy could explain the effect on two traits. If it is rejected, then the effects on two traits are due to linked QTLs. The method can be used in conjunction with several QTL mapping methods as long as they provide a straightforward estimate of the number of QTLs detectable from the data set. A selection step was introduced in the bootstrap procedure to reduce the conservativeness of the test of close linkage vs. pleiotropy, so that the erroneous rejection of the null hypothesis of pleiotropy only happens at a frequency equal to the nominal type I error risk specified by the user. The approach was assessed using computer simulations and proved to be relatively unbiased and robust over the range of genetic situations tested. An example of its application on a real data set from a saline stress experiment performed on a recombinant population of wheat (Triticum aestivum L. ) doubled haploid lines is also provided.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)931-43
Number of pages13
JournalGenetics
Volume150
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1998

Keywords

  • Computer Simulation
  • Genetic Linkage
  • Genetic Markers
  • Models, Genetic
  • Quantitative Trait, Heritable
  • Sodium Chloride
  • Statistics, Nonparametric
  • Sulfates
  • Triticum

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