Projects per year
Approach and Results: We conducted a meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies for quantitative retinal vascular traits derived using semi-automatic image analysis of digital retinal photographs from the GoDARTS (Genetics of Diabetes Audit and Research in Tayside; N=1736) and ORCADES (Orkney Complex Disease Study; N=1358) cohorts. We identified a novel genome-wide significant locus at 19q13 (ACTN4/CAPN12) for retinal venular tortuosity (TortV), and one at 13q34 (COL4A2) for retinal arteriolar tortuosity (TortA); these 2 loci were subsequently confirmed in 3 independent cohorts (Ntotal=1413). In the combined analysis of discovery and replication cohorts, the lead single-nucleotide polymorphism in ACTN4/CAPN12 was rs1808382 (βs.d.=-0.109; SE=0.015; P=2.39×10-13) and in COL4A2 was rs7991229 (βs.d.=0.103; SE=0.015; P=4.66×10-12). Notably, the ACTN4/CAPN12 locus associated with TortV is also associated with coronary artery disease, heart rate, and atrial fibrillation.
Conclusions: Genetic determinants of retinal vascular tortuosity are also linked to cardiovascular health. These findings provide a molecular pathophysiological foundation for the use of retinal vascular traits as biomarkers for cardiovascular diseases.
|Journal||Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology|
|Early online date||10 Oct 2019|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 2019|
- atrial fibrillation
- cardiovascular diseases
- genome-wide association study
- heart rate
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1/09/08 → 31/08/10