This paper presents a generic stabilization framework which is applicable for both compliant and stiff humanoids. The proposed control framework is applied to the passive compliant humanoid robot COMAN which is equipped with series elastic actuators. The stabilization control framework combines the compliance control and the intrinsic angular momentum modulation to achieve an agile and compliant interaction against external perturbations. The admittance based compliance control uses the force/torque sensing in both feet to regulate the active compliance for the position controlled system. The physical elasticity in the new full body COMAN is exploited for the reduction and absorption of the instantaneous impacts while the admittance control further dissipates the excessive elastic energy. The angular momentum controller reduces the overall inertia effect for providing more rapid reactions. Both the theoretical work and experimental validation were presented. The effectiveness of the control scheme is demonstrated by COMAN's capabilities of withstanding various types of perturbations applied over the body, balancing on a moving platform and stabilizing while walking. Experimental data of the ground reaction force/torque, center of mass references and estimations, and the stored elastic energy are presented and analyzed.
|Title of host publication||IEEE-RAS International Conference on Humanoid Robots|
|Place of Publication||Osaka, Japan|
|Publisher||Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - 2012|