A plausible (overlooked) super-luminous supernova in the SDSS Stripe 82 data

Zuzanna Kostrzewa-Rutkowska, Szymon Kozlowski, Lukasz Wyrzykowski, S. George Djorgovski, Eilat Glikman, Ashish A. Mahabal, Sergey Koposov

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We present the discovery of a plausible super-luminous supernova (SLSN), found in the archival data of Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) Stripe 82, called PSN 000123+000504. The supernova (SN) peaked at mg < 19.4 mag in the second half of 2005 September, but was missed by the real-time SN hunt. The observed part of the light curve (17 epochs) showed that the rise to the maximum took over 30 days, while the decline time lasted at least 70 days (observed frame), closely resembling other SLSNe of SN 2007bi type. The spectrum of the host galaxy reveals a redshift of z = 0.281 and the distance modulus of μ = 40.77 mag. Combining this information with the SDSS photometry, we found the host galaxy to be an LMC-like irregular dwarf galaxy with an absolute magnitude of MB = −18.2 ± 0.2 mag and an oxygen abundance of ${\rm 12+\log [O/H]}=8.3\pm 0.2$; hence, the SN peaked at Mg < −21.3 mag. Our SLSN follows the relation for the most energetic/super-luminous SNe exploding in low-metallicity environments, but we found no clear evidence for SLSNe to explode in low-luminosity (dwarf) galaxies only. The available information on the PSN 000123+000504 light curve suggests the magnetar-powered model as a likely scenario of this event. This SLSN is a new addition to a quickly growing family of super-luminous SNe.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Publication statusPublished - 13 Nov 2013


  • astro-ph.CO
  • astro-ph.HE


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