Occipital bone lesions on an Iron Age horse cranium from the burial mound of Arzhan 1, Tuva, Central Asia, are described and interpreted. Cavitations around the nuchal ligament attachment site on the skull are interpreted as foci of inflammation and necrosis following local infection. It is suggested that the pathology represents a case of 'poll-evil', most likely due to a bacterial infection. The significance of such an interpretation is discussed, including its implications for disease ecology and the possible infection risks to contiguous animal and human communities of the first millennium BC in Central Asia.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||International Journal of Osteoarchaeology|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2011|
- Central Asia
- disease ecology
- Iron Age
- pastoral nomadism