A practice framework for restorative justice

Steve Kirkwood*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Restorative justice offers a distinct approach for responding to moral harm. Its core values emphasise voluntariness, safety, inclusion, dignity, respect, responsibility, accountability, truth-telling and honesty. It focuses on addressing harm, offering people who have committed or been harmed by crime the opportunity to safely discuss the nature and consequences of the offence, ask questions and offer answers, and agree what ought to be done to make amends and avoid further harm. This article synthesises, critically discusses, and maps out the connections between values, principles, knowledge assumptions and practice guidelines to offer a practice framework for restorative justice. The framework specifies the distinctions between dialogue and deliberation in restorative justice practice, explores the role of restorative justice in enabling reparation, rehabilitation, desistance and recovery, and critically reflects on the importance of context in relation to restorative justice and practice frameworks more generally.
Original languageEnglish
Article number101688
JournalAggression and Violent Behavior
Early online date11 Nov 2021
Publication statusPublished - 16 Mar 2022


  • restorative justice
  • practice frameworks
  • moral repair


Dive into the research topics of 'A practice framework for restorative justice'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this