A preliminary proteomic characterisation of extracellular vesicles released by the ovine parasitic nematode, Teladorsagia circumcincta

Thomas Tzelos, Jacqueline B Matthews, Amy H Buck, Fabio Simbari, David Frew, Neil F Inglis, Kevin McLean, Alasdair J Nisbet, C Bruce A Whitelaw, David P Knox, Tom N McNeilly

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Teladorsagia circumcincta is a major cause of ovine parasitic gastroenteritis in temperate climatic regions. The development of high levels of anthelmintic resistance in this nematode species challenges its future control. Recent research indicates that many parasite species release extracellular vesicles into their environment, many of which have been classified as endocytic in origin, termed exosomes. These vesicles are considered to play important roles in the intercellular communication between parasites and their hosts, and thus represent potentially useful targets for novel control strategies. Here, we demonstrate that exosome-like extracellular vesicles can be isolated from excretory-secretory (ES) products released by T. circumcincta fourth stage larvae (Tci-L4ES). Furthermore, we perform a comparative proteomic analysis of vesicle-enriched and vesicle-free Tci-L4ES. Approximately 73% of the proteins identified in the vesicle-enriched fraction were unique to this fraction, whilst the remaining 27% were present in both vesicle-enriched and vesicle-free fraction. These unique proteins included structural proteins, nuclear proteins, metabolic proteins, proteolytic enzymes and activation-associated secreted proteins. Finally, we demonstrate that molecules present within the vesicles-enriched material are targets of the IgA and IgG response in T. circumcincta infected sheep, and could potentially represent useful targets for future vaccine intervention studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)84-92
Number of pages9
JournalVeterinary Parasitology
Volume221
Early online date17 Mar 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 May 2016

Keywords

  • Nematode
  • Teladorsagia circumcincta
  • Proteomics
  • Extracellular vesicles

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