The direct moment closure (DMC) approach for modeling the filtered chemical source terms in large eddy simulation of turbulent combustion is comprehensively assessed by using direct numerical simulation data of a turbulent premixed flame with a skeletal chemistry. In this approach, closure is achieved by linearizing the chemical source terms using the Taylor series expansions. Different from traditional method, the exponential term is treated as a single variable in the expansion, and the filtered chemical reaction rate can be readily modeled with the first-order and second-order moments, plus higher-order correlations. The a-priori investigations demonstrate that the DMC model is able to reasonably represent the chemical reaction rates, and the second-order correlation of reactive scalars can be well modeled with the algebraic gradient-type model. Compared to the first-order moment closure, the second-order one makes a significant improvement on the predictions. These improvements are also observed in the a-posteriori study in which the premixed flame can be better resolved by the second-order moment closure model. Consequently, the second-order moment closure model provides an alternative for turbulent combustion modeling and is recommended to be used as an improvement to the laminar chemistry closure model. The sensitivity of the DMC approach to the grid size needs further investigation.
- A-priori and a-posteriori analyses
- Direct moment closure
- Large-eddy simulation
- Premixed flames
- Turbulent combustion