A proposal for hybrid memristor-CMOS spiking neuromorphic learning systems

Teresa Serrano-Gotarredona, Themistoklis Prodromakis, Bernabé Linares-Barranco

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Recent research in nanotechnology has led to the practical realization of nanoscale devices that behave as memristors, a device that was postulated in the seventies by Chua based on circuit theoretical reasonings. On the other hand, neuromorphic engineering, a discipline that implements physical artifacts based on neuroscience knowledge, has related neural learning mechanisms to the operation of memristors. As a result, neuro-inspired learning architectures can be proposed that exploit nanoscale memristors for building very large scale systems with very dense synaptic-like memory elements. At present, the deep understanding of the internal mechanisms governing memristor operation is still an open issue, and the practical realization of very large scale and reliable ?memristive fabric? for neural learning applications is not a reality yet. However, in the meantime, researchers are proposing and analyzing potential circuit architectures that would combine a standard CMOS substrate with a memristive nanoscale fabric on top to realize hybrid memristor-CMOS neural learning systems. The focus of this paper is on one such architecture for implementing the very well established Spike-Timing-Dependent-Plasticity (STDP) learning mechanism found in biology. In this paper we quickly review spiking neural systems, STDP learning, and memristors, and propose a hybrid memristor-CMOS system architecture with the potential of implementing a large scale STDP learning spiking neural system. Such architecture would eventually allow to implement real-time brain-like processing learning systems with about neurons and synapses on one single Printed Circuit Board (PCB).

Original languageEnglish
Article number6518253
Pages (from-to)74-88
Number of pages15
JournalIEEE Circuits and Systems Magazine
Volume13
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 May 2013

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