A prospective investigation of rumination and executive control in predicting overgeneral autobiographical memory in adolescence

Tracy Stewart, Simon C. Hunter, Sinead Rhodes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The CaR-FA-X model (Williams et al., 2007), or capture and rumination (CaR), functional avoidance (FA) and impaired executive control (X), is a model of overgeneral autobiographical memory. Two mechanisms of the model, rumination and executive control were examined in isolation and in interaction to investigate overgeneral autobiographical memory over time. Across two time points, six months apart, a total of 149 adolescents (13-16 years) completed a minimal instruction autobiographical memory test, a measure of executive control with emotional and non-emotional stimuli, and measures of brooding rumination and reflective pondering. The results showed that executive control for emotional information was negatively associated with OGM, but only when reflective pondering levels were high. Therefore in the context of higher levels of reflective pondering, greater switch costs (i.e. lower executive control) when processing emotional information predict a decrease in OGM over time.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)482–496
JournalMemory and Cognition
Volume46
Early online date16 Jan 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2018

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'A prospective investigation of rumination and executive control in predicting overgeneral autobiographical memory in adolescence'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this