A prospective study of basal insulin concentrations in dogs with congenital portosystemic shunts

A. J. Collings, Adam Gow, Ana Marques, D. Yool, R. Furneaux, R. Mellanby, P. J. Watson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Hypoglycaemia is a common cause of morbidity in dogs with congenital portosystemic shunts but the aetiology is unknown. The hypothesis of this study was that dogs with congenital portosystemic shunts would have significantly higher insulin concentrations than dogs without congenital portosystemic shunts. The main objective of the study was to compare peripheral glucose and insulin concentrations between dogs with congenital portosystemic shunts and dogs without congenital portosystemic shunts.

METHODS: Peripheral serum insulin and plasma glucose concentrations were measured in dogs with congenital portosystemic shunts and without congenital portosystemic shunts and compared both between groups as well as to reference intervals derived from healthy dogs.

RESULTS: Congenital portosystemic shunts were diagnosed in 41 dogs. Forty-eight dogs hospitalised with other conditions acted as controls. Serum insulin concentrations were mildly elevated (<= 40 mu U/mL) in seven dogs and were markedly elevated in two dogs with congenital portosystemic shunts, yet mild hypoglycaemia (3.3 mmol/L) was detected in only one of these dogs. Four dogs with congenital portosystemic shunts showed fasting hypoglycaemia, yet insulin concentrations were within or below the reference interval in three. There was no difference between the median insulin concentration of dogs with congenital portosystemic shunts and without congenital portosystemic shunts.

CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Hyperinsulinaemia is infrequently observed in dogs with congenital portosystemic shunts. The aetiology of hypoglycaemia in dogs with congenital portosystemic shunts merits further investigation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)228-233
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Small Animal Practice
Volume53
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2012

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