A reassessment of word prominence in Mapudungun: Phonological vs. morphological activation

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This chapter examines the word-prominence system of Mapudungun (formerly ‘Araucanian’), rejecting the widespread claim that the language is a perfect grid stress system. A reassessment of the primary literature, alongside analyses o an original dataset, show a system that does not fall squarely within traditional prosodic typology and lacks some canonical features of stress (culminativity, rhythmicity). Despite this, Mapudungun displays ob- ligatoriness of word-level prominence, a de nitional feature of stress systems (Hyman 2006, 2009).
A non-iterative, right-aligned, moraic trochee is proposed to bear stress at the word level, while at the stem level, a second stress is identi ed on the nal syllable. Such parsing, however, seems to have limited phonological activation (Clements 2001): especially in complex words, prominences appear to be assigned with reference to morphological structure and have remarkably little e ect upon the broader phonological makeup of the language. Finally, it is argued that lack of prominence-based segmental asymmetries, absence of culminativity, as well as the unambiguous marking of the stem-edge, conspire to create transparency in the morphological structure of complex words.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationWord Prominence in Languages with Complex Morphologies
EditorsKsenia Bogomolets, Harry van der Hulst
PublisherOxford University Press
ISBN (Print)9780198840589
Publication statusPublished - 23 Mar 2023


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