A review and a framework of handheld computer adoption in healthcare

Yen-Chiao Lu, Yan Xiao, Andrew Sears, Julie A Jacko

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Wide adoption of mobile computing technology can potentially improve information access, enhance workflow, and promote evidence-based practice to make informed and effective decisions at the point of care. Handheld computers or personal digital assistants (PDAs) offer portable and unobtrusive access to clinical data and relevant information at the point of care. This article reviews the literature on issues related to adoption of PDAs in health care and barriers to PDA adoption. Studies showed that PDAs were used widely in health care providers' practice, and the level of use is expected to rise rapidly. Most care providers found PDAs to be functional and useful in areas of documentation, medical reference, and access to patient data. Major barriers to adoption were identified as usability, security concerns, and lack of technical and organizational support. PDAs offer health care practitioners advantages to enhance their clinical practice. However, better designed PDA hardware and software applications, more institutional support, seamless integration of PDA technology with hospital information systems, and satisfactory security measures are necessary to increase acceptance and wide use of PDAs in healthcare.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)409-22
Number of pages14
JournalInternational journal of medical informatics
Issue number5
Early online date12 Apr 2005
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2005

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • Access to Information
  • Attitude to Computers
  • Computers, Handheld/classification
  • Delivery of Health Care/organization & administration
  • Diffusion of Innovation
  • Health Personnel
  • United States


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