A robust optical parametric oscillator and receiver telescope for differential absorption lidar of greenhouse gases

Iain Robinson, James Jack, Cameron Rae, John Moncrieff

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

We report the development of a differential absorption lidar instrument (DIAL) designed and built specifically for the measurement of anthropogenic greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. The DIAL is integrated into a commercial astronomical telescope to provide high-quality receiver optics and enable automated scanning for three-dimensional lidar acquisition. The instrument is portable and can be set up within a few hours in the field.

The laser source is a pulsed optical parametric oscillator (OPO) which outputs light at a wavelength tunable near 1.6 μm. This wavelength region, which is also used in telecommunications devices, provides access to absorption lines in both carbon dioxide at 1573 nm and methane at 1646 nm. To achieve the critical temperature stability required for a laser- based field instrument the four-mirror OPO cavity is machined from a single aluminium block. A piezoactuator adjusts the cavity length to achieve resonance and this is maintained over temperature changes through the use of a feedback loop. The laser output is continuously monitored with pyroelectric detectors and a custom-built wavemeter.

The OPO is injection seeded by a temperature-stabilized distributed feedback laser diode (DFB-LD) with a wavelength locked to the absorption line centre (on-line) using a gas cell containing pure carbon dioxide. A second DFB-LD is tuned to a nearby wavelength (off-line) to provide the reference required for differential absorption measurements. A similar system has been designed and built to provide the injection seeding wavelengths for methane. The system integrates the DFB-LDs, drivers, locking electronics, gas cell and balanced photodetectors.
The results of test measurements of carbon dioxide are presented and the development of the system is discussed, including the adaptation required for the measurement of methane.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of SPIE
PublisherSPIE
Number of pages7
Volume9645
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Oct 2015
EventSPIE Remote Sensing 2015 - Centre de Congrès Pierre Baudis, Toulouse, United Kingdom
Duration: 21 Sep 201524 Sep 2015

Conference

ConferenceSPIE Remote Sensing 2015
Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom
CityToulouse
Period21/09/1524/09/15

Keywords

  • DIAL
  • OPO
  • lidar
  • greenhouse gases
  • GHG

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