A single nuclear transcriptomic characterisation of mechanisms responsible for impaired angiogenesis and blood-brain barrier function in Alzheimer's disease

Stergios Tsartsalis, Hannah Sleven, Nurun Fancy, Frank Wessely, Amy M Smith, Nanet Willumsen, To Ka Dorcas Cheung, Michal J Rokicki, Vicky Chau, Eseoghene Ifie, Combiz Khozoie, Olaf Ansorge, Xin Yang, Marion H Jenkyns, Karen Davey, Aisling McGarry, Robert C J Muirhead, Stephanie Debette, Johanna S Jackson, Axel MontagneDavid R Owen, J Scott Miners, Seth Love, Caleb Webber, M Zameel Cader, Paul M Matthews*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Brain perfusion and blood-brain barrier (BBB) integrity are reduced early in Alzheimer's disease (AD). We performed single nucleus RNA sequencing of vascular cells isolated from AD and non-diseased control brains to characterise pathological transcriptional signatures responsible for this. We show that endothelial cells (EC) are enriched for expression of genes associated with susceptibility to AD. Increased β-amyloid is associated with BBB impairment and a dysfunctional angiogenic response related to a failure of increased pro-angiogenic HIF1A to increased VEGFA signalling to EC. This is associated with vascular inflammatory activation, EC senescence and apoptosis. Our genomic dissection of vascular cell risk gene enrichment provides evidence for a role of EC pathology in AD and suggests that reducing vascular inflammatory activation and restoring effective angiogenesis could reduce vascular dysfunction contributing to the genesis or progression of early AD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2243
JournalNature Communications
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Mar 2024

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • Humans
  • Alzheimer Disease/metabolism
  • Blood-Brain Barrier/metabolism
  • Endothelial Cells/metabolism
  • Angiogenesis
  • Brain/metabolism
  • Amyloid beta-Peptides/metabolism
  • Gene Expression Profiling

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