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Abstract / Description of output
Finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) forward modeling is often used to gain a more quantitative understanding of the interactions between electromagnetic fields and targets. To undertake full 3D simulations the computational demands are challenging, so simulations are often undertaken in 2D where assumptions in the propagation of electromagnetic fields and source type can result in errors. We develop the concept of a sliced-3D simulation, wherein a thin slice of a 3D domain with strictly 2D geometry is used to minimize computational demands while obtaining synthetic waveforms that contain full 3D propagation effects. This approach requires optimization of perfectly matched layer (PML) boundary condition parameters so as to minimize the errors associated with the source being located close to the boundary, and as a result of grazing-incident angle wave conversion to evanescent energy. We explore the frequency dependence of PML parameters, and establish a relationship between complex frequency stretching parameters and effective wavelength. The resultant parameter choice is shown to minimize propagation errors in the context of a simple radioglaciological model, where 3D domains may be prohibitively large, and for a near-surface cross-borehole survey configuration, a case where full waveform inversion may typically be used.
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- 1 Finished
NERC DTP: U.K. Natural Environment Research Council (Grant NE/L002558/1) University of Edinburgh's E3 Doctoral Training Partnership
1/10/14 → 31/03/18
Project: Other (Non-Funded/Miscellaneous)