A soft aquatic actuator for unteady peak power amplification

Francesco Giorgio-Serchi, Artur Lidtke, Gabriel Weymouth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

A soft hydraulic actuator is presented which uses elastic energy storage for the purpose of pulsed-jet propulsion of soft unmanned underwater vehicles. The actuator consists of a flexible membrane that can be inflated using a micropump and whose elastic potential energy may be released on demand using a controllable valve, in a manner inspired by the swimming of squids and octopuses. It is shown that for equivalent initial elastic energy, the drop in peak thrust is linearly proportional to the decrease in nozzle cross section. Peak hydraulic power amplification of the soft actuator of approximately 75% is achieved with respect to that of the driving pump, confirming that passive elasticity can be exploited in aquatic propulsion to replicate the explosive motion skills of agile sea-dwelling creatures.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2968 - 2973
JournalIEEE/ASME Transactions on Mechatronics
Issue number6
Early online date1 Oct 2018
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2018


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